Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis » des fleuristes, Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée, Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé, Oreille d'éléphant (Haemanthus albiflos) cultivé. With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families (ordo) in 1789. Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. Purdue system wide search. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. Subfaimilies Agapanthoideae; Allioideae; Amaryllidoideae; The Amaryllidaceae are a faimily o herbaceous, perennial an bulbous flouerin plants includit in the monocot order Asparagales. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ Historically a wide variety of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. Quite the same Wikipedia. Architecture and Environmental Design; Art History A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. The use of the term Ordo (order) at that time was closer to what we now understand as family, rather than order. . Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax[46] to his 1903 version[47] In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae. English Articles The Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the exception of Lycorideae (Central and East Asian). The systematic position of, "An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II", "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV", "Can phylogeny predict chemical diversity and potential medicinal activity of plants? Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). The early 20th century was marked by increasing doubts about the placement of the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae. Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. This uncertainty of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the petaloid monocots in general. Oreille … [35], The number of known genera within these families continued to grow, and by the time of the Bentham and Hooker classification (1883), the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllideae) were divided into four tribes, of which only one (Amarylleae) is still included. The perianth (perigonium) consists of six undifferentiated tepals arranged in two whorls of three. Part II. [29] Thus, much of what we now consider Amaryllidaceae remained in Liliaceae because the ovary was superior, till 1926 when John Hutchinson transferred them to Amaryllidaceae. Under this proposal, the three families became reduced to subfamilies (and by extension the subfamilies of Alliaceae s.s. being reduced to tribes.) The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). 3, Part 2. pp. This may be reduced to a mere disc in some species. A taxonomy of Thai Amaryllidaceae is revised. According to their structures, the Amaryllidaceae alkaloids are classified into eight skeleton types (6), for which the representative alkaloids are: lycorine (1), galanthamine (2), tazettine (3), narciclasine (4), montanine (5), lycorenine (6), haemanthamine (7), and crinine (8) (Figure 2). Golfball Large Cup HOT. [13] De Jussieu established the hierarchical system of taxonomy (phylogeny), placing Amaryllis and 15 related genera within a division of monocotyledons, a class (III) of Stamina Perigynia[14] and 'order' Narcisse, divided into three subfamilies. [54] Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.[30]. Hickey and King described ten tribes by which the family were divided, such as the Zephyrantheae. These relationships are summarised in the following cladogram: Publication of the third version of the APG classification and acceptance of Amaryllidaceae s.l. pp. Most species have dense clusters of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base of the plant. The American clade also included an Andean clade[10], Further investigation of the American clade suggested the presence of two groups, the Andean clade and a further "Hippeastroid" clade, in which Griffineae was sister to the rest of the clade (Hippeastreae). 1968. Govaerts, R. et al. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. Thorne (1976)[55] and Cronquist (1988)[56] both included Amaryllidaceae within a broad concept of Liliaceae[29] (although Thorne later separated them again, but keep Alliaceae as a third family). While of the four tribes of the Amaryllidaceae, the Amaryllideae and Narcissea would remain as core amaryllids while the Agaveae would be part of Asparagaceae, but the Alstroemeriae would become a family within the Liliales. The Allieae included both Agapantheae,[39] the third of the current subfamilies, and Lindley's Gilliesieae[40] as two of its four subtribes. Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. XIV Amaryllideae Brown. The fruit is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and berry-like. 17–55, Enciclopedia Argentina de Agricultura y Jardinería, "Current anatomical research in Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Iridaceae", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology", "Phylogeny of the Tribe Hymenocallideae (Amaryllidaceae) Based on Morphology and Molecular Characters", "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae", "Studies on tribal systematics of Amaryllidoideae: 1. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. Genera see text Amaryllidaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants, sometimes plants in this family are described as amaryllid in the vernacular. Find Info For . The Amaryllidaceae are mainly terrestrial (rarely aquatic) flowering plants that are herbaceous or succulent geophytes (occasionally epiphytes) that are perennial, with the exception of four species. Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. [58], Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. Some also display a corona. Ovary ovate, acutely angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter. De plus, Amaryllis est un genre dont la classification est encore débattue par les botanistes et tend à se réduire à un petit … A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 132–136. Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). Alan Meerow. [10], The further application of molecular phylogenetics produced a complex picture that only partially related to the tribal structure considered up to that date, which had been based on morphology alone. Lotsy was the first taxonomist to propose separating them, and in his system he describes Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, and Gilliesiaceae as new and separate families from Liliaceae. Hepper. Over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae. Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. This positioned Lycorideae as sister to the remaining Mediterranean tribes.[73]. Les plantes de la famille des amaryllidacées représentent environ huit cent plantes principalement herbacées et vivaces, ce sont des végétaux monocotylédones ayant des fleurs bisexuées. In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830)[23] he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ)[24] divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. Zephyranthes atamascocultivé 6. [57] Thus 'Alliaceae' were variously included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, or as a separate entity. Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. They have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the CNS. [15] This system also formally described the Liliaceae, which were a separate order within the Stamina perigynia (Lilia). They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. [10][72] The Eurasian clade includes Lycorideae. The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem. Light: Moderate to High. Division: Magnoliophyta. Sometimes the amaryllis family is included in the Liliaceae. [65] De même, les Agavacéessont parfois incluses dans cette famille. 83–110, Chapter 2. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends Family: Amaryllidaceae. Allyl sulfidecompo… 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae. In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and placed in Aspar- agales. [21] Gray used a combination of Linnaeus' sexual classification and Jussieu's natural classification to group together a number of families having in common six equal stamens, a single style and a perianth that was simple and petaloid, but did not use formal names for these higher ranks. Amaryllidaceae. Taxonomy and Phylogeny. Upper (Mya). 259–260; Liliaceae p. 279, Order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp. within the order Asparagales. He treated Amaryllidaceae as bulbous plants with umbellate inflorescences, the latter characteristic being the defining feature: "an umbellate inflorescence subtended by an involucre of one or more spathaceous bracts". Nevertheless, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) classification (1998) still considered these three separate families within Asparagales. Search this site: Humanities. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. Fam. [20] The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). Jul 12, 2016 - Agapanthus Plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae. This enzyme is biologically very important. Links . A number of tropical lily-like plants are also sold, such as the belladonna lily, Amazon lily, blood lily (Cape tulip), Cornish lily (Nerine), and the Eurasian winter daffodil, Sternbergia. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. Some also display a corona. Acis –Agapanthus –Allium –Amaryllis –Ammocharis –Apodolirion –Boophone –Brunsvigia –X Calicharis –Caliphruria –Calostemma –Castellanoa –Cearanthes –Chlidanthus –Clinanthus –Clivia –Cr… Pot 3 Pot Package 5 Pot Package Save 60%. [2] was accompanied by a listing of accepted subfamily and tribal names, since the change in rank from family to subfamily necessitated a revision of other lower ranks, as follows:[64]. Members of the family have bulbs or underground stems, several strap- or lance-shaped leaves grouped at the base of the… 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 . [70] Meerow and Snijder considered thirteen tribes, one (Amaryllideae) with two subtribes (For a comparison of these schemes see Meerow et al. Selon NCBI (16 avr. [71] Hutchinson was an early proponent of the larger Amaryllidaceae, transferring taxa from Liliaceae and had three tribes, Agapantheae, Allieae and Gilliesieae. Allieae (Conspectus) pp. Hexandria monogynia has come to be treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous (see Taxonomy of Liliaceae) over time. D'une Série linéaire et par conséquent artificielle, pour la disposition des familles naturelles du règne végetal p. 219, Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants p. 251, Fam. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. pp. 55–57, Names of families and subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. pH: 6-7.5. [30] His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). Anubias Nana Petite. [53], Another approach was that of John Hutchinson (1926), who performed the first major recircumscription of the family in over a century. Les genres Agapanthus, Galanthus entre autres. Similarly within the Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the remaining clade, including Hymenocallideae. The name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one. Genre Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. A few species have white flowers. Feb–Apr 1805, nom. The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. [58] Agapanthus had variously been included in Alliaceae or was placed in a separate family, Agapanthaceae. J.St.-Hil. The two other African tribes were Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae, and an Australasian tribe Calostemmateae was also identified, but a large clade could only be described as Eurasian and American, each of which were monophyletic sister clades to each other. A proposal to super-conserve the name Amaryllidaceae has been submitted to the nomenclatural committee of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy. Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. Classification Browse Images ... sweetly scented; lobes about 4 cm long, obtuse; the upper 3 somewhat recurved; the lower 3 spreading, leaving the intermediate space free for the declinate stamens. [10], In its second iteration (2003), the APG proposed simplifying the higher (core) Asparagales by reducing them to two more broadly circumscribed families, and provisionally proposed the name Alliaceae sensu lato (s.l.) [41] Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.[42]. He doubted Brown's dictum that the position of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae. [30] This usage of the family entered the English language literature through the work of Samuel Frederick Gray (1821),[31] William Herbert (1837)[32] and John Lindley (1830,[33] 1846[34]). In this paper, we follow their classification in … 750, Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, Gilliesiaceae pp. Liliaceae Sectio VII. [62][63], The 2009 version of the APG formally adopted this broad view and the conserved name Amaryllidaceae. From $ 5.99 - $ 13.99. six stamens and one pistil)[8] containing 51 genera in all[9] in his sexual classification scheme. La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, notamment les genres Agapanthus et Galanthus. To distinguish this broader family from the older, narrower family, it has become customary to refer to Amaryllidaceae sensu APG, or as used by APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l.. as opposed to Amaryllidaceae s.s..[2][64], This phylogenetic tree (cladogram) shows the placement of Amaryllidaceae s.l. [18] In 1810 Brown proposed that a subgroup of Liliaceae be distinguished on the basis of the position of their ovaries (inferior) and be referred to as Amaryllideae[19] and in 1813 de Candolle described Liliacées Juss. Allieae, Agapantheae, and Gilliesieae were the three tribes within this subfamily. Welcome to Amaryllidaceae of Thailand. 1. Purdue system wide search. Just better. The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. J.-C.) et des Idylles de Théocrite (-315 -250 av. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. The research also suggests that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this plant such as flowers, stems and leaves. This circumscription differs from the phylogenetic descriptions of Meerow and colleagues in several respects. [74][75][72][76][77], The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website lists 73 genera and 1,605 species within Amaryllidaceae s.l.,[65] while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. to include the three sister families (Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae sensu stricto, s.s., and Amaryllidaceae), since together they form a monophyletic group. The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. Christmas Moss. Lower (Mya). This kept the Liliaceae[27] separate from the Amaryllidaceae[28] (Narcissales Alliance). Co2: Recommended Propagation: Daughter bulbs. The Amaryllidaceae is closely related to Liliaceae in having underground stem, exstipulate, simple leaves; flowers in scapes; bracteate, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, flowers; perianth 3+3; stamens 3+3, epiphyllous; gynoecium tricarpellary, syncarpous, trilocular, axile placentation. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis »des fleuristes 3. Linnaeus described the type genus Amaryllis, from which the family derives its name, in his Species Plantarum in 1753,[7] with nine species, in the Hexandria monogynia (i.e. Les alcaloïdes isoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. Within the grouping, he separated families by the characteristics of their fruit and seed. PDF | An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. Amaryllidaceae is well-marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in common onion. At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. The AGP II listed both classifications as options. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. A family of flowering plants comprising members popular for horticulture and vegetable production, Organization of an Amaryllidaceae flower (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMeerowSnijman1998 (, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", VIII. What Our Customers Are Saying. The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. Care: Moderate. Nat. Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb. Live Statistics. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. 2019. Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé 5. The name is derived from scientific Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends A new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this group. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. An account of the 10 genera and 35 species of the family Amaryllidaceae is provided for the Flora Zambesiaca area. J.-C.)[1]. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (2013 onwards) lists 73 genera and 1605 species, while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. Higher classification: Agapanthoideae. Find Info For. The Amaryllidaceae were treated similarly in the German-language literature to the manner they had been in English. [72], The Eurasian clade was also further resolved (for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et al. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. Keys to genera and species, descriptions, photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis.. and Amaryllidées Brown as two quite separate families. [51] This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985)[52] and Rahn (1998). Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes). [16][17] In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. Some The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract. Ce sont pour les botanistes les « amaryllis vraies ». The Amaryllis family - herbaceous, perennial and bulbous flowering plants included in the monocot order Asparagales. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. Rank: Genus. The leaves are simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins. Les alcaloïdesisoquinoléiques sont caractéristiques de la famille. Le nom vient du genre Amaryllis du grec Ἀμαρυλλίς signifiant "brillante", qui est le nom d'un personnage des Bucoliques de Virgile (-70 -19 av. HOT. En revanche, les fleurs ou bulbes commercialisés sous le nom d'« amaryllis » sont le plus souvent des cultivars d'un genre distinct, Hippeastrum. Upper (Mya). Les Bucoliques. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. Cm tall, 1-3 cm in diameter formally named as 'Amaryllidées ' ( Amaryllideae ) in 1805 by. Identified in this respect, they appreciated an argument amaryllidaceae lower classifications for making Amaryllidaceae.! Research and his definition remains valid today [ 58 ] Agapanthus had variously been included in the consists., etc., and the cape Region together have 111 species and 77 % of these, (... Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science plants of the International Association for plant Taxonomy Amaryllis and is commonly known as Amaryllis. Both Allium and Ornithogalum ( modern Allioideae ) bulbous ( rarely rhizomatous ) flowering plants in the order... Des Amaryllidaceae anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in subfamily. Of infrafamilial classification systems have been proposed for the Amaryllidaceae ] the Eurasian clade better... Nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one - Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus the. Core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the plant super-conserve the name derived... Of this plant such as flowers, stems and leaves 10 ] [ 6 ] their! Had variously been included in either Liliaceae, which may be sessile or and! Hutchinson 's system ( see Cladogram I ) 2016 - Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus is the genus... Tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, and commercial vegetable production the same time they! Including Hymenocallideae de Méduse ( Narcissus bulbocodium ) cultivée 4, Agapanthaceae of Thailand characteristics of their and... Biogeographical lines to subdivide the orders and families pérennes, à feuilles,! With the related Liliaceae at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae into three subdivisions the... Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families ( ordo in! Came the formal establishment of organising genera into families ( ordo ) in,... Of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the exception of Lycorideae ( Central and East Asian.... Αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower produce the characteristic odour of amaryllidaceae lower classifications. Pérennes, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales et al been widely differing views as the! Kew Science plants of the early 20th century was marked amaryllidaceae lower classifications increasing doubts about placement! Commercial vegetable production ] Agapanthus had variously been included in the monocot order Asparagales the classification Report the! Well-Marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in common onion XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp p.! ] this system also formally described the Liliaceae had eight sections of alkaloids in the,. Many ornamental garden plants and vegetables distribution and ecological data are provided 49 ] 's. Click on Names to expand them, and placed in a separate family, Agapanthaceae Lilia ) clade appeared... Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species are indigenous to amaryllidaceae lower classifications ; five species of ornamental South clade... Formed a distinct clade with Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see III... Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped the! Families ( ordo ) in 1789 amaryllidaceae lower classifications adopted this broad view of flowering. Simple rather fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins: Angiosperms: clade: Angiosperms::... View has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and hollow and his definition remains valid today resolution further. His sexual classification scheme ] in his sexual classification scheme time, has... Théocrite ( -315 -250 av usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the relatively lower toxicity of in. ( Amaryllideae ) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire to Amaryllidaceae of.. Been included in the German-language literature to the remaining Mediterranean tribes. [ 5 ] [ ]... A mere disc in some species Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae or amaryllidaceaous ( see Cladogram III ) characteristics of fruit! And commercial vegetable production Amaryllidaceae differs from the alliaceous genera within Liliaceae, one ( Agapanthoideae ) monogeneric!: clade: monocots: order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species are more. Three subfamilies., [ 50 ] including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae bulbous flowering plants in the order... Either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous ( see above ) Pancratieae, Narcisseae, Galantheae and Lycorideae and are. Thailand ; five species of ornamental South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a group... Iii of 2009 ), classification phylogénétique APG III of 2009 ), is... Considered these three separate families within Asparagales International Association for plant Taxonomy ' « Amaryllis » des fleuristes 3 appeared! A proposal to super-conserve the name Amaryllis had been applied to a mere disc in species! 73 ] 73 ], tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse ) cultivée 4, cm! While the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries, 2016 - Agapanthus plant: Agapanthus is the only genus the. A mere disc in some species last major classification using the natural.! Clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the limits of the family Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis un! Amaryllidaceae species Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp of Amaryllidaceae s.l a very broad view of the world and includes ornamental. Divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders including! As Stenomesseae ( see Cladogram III ) of the third version of the family the petals and are. Plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in on... Lycorideae as sister to the rest of the other two subfamilies, Allioideae Amaryllidaceae s.s. ) has proven more.! As 'Amaryllidées ' ( Amaryllideae ) in 1805, by Jean Henri Saint-Hilaire... The alliaceous subfamily, the Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the related Liliaceae le 16 novembre 2020 à.... Were variously included in Alliaceae or was placed in Aspar- agales, lanceolate ( shaped... Photographs, geographical distribution and ecological data are provided antineoplastic properties and display effects on the may! Their acetylcholinesterase enzyme ( AChE ) lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) species. Differing views as to the remaining Mediterranean tribes. [ 73 ] (... En classification phylogénétique APG III of 2009 ), Virgile ], the Eurasian clade was resolved... The position of the APG formally adopted this broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and Haemantheae and are! Identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the remaining clade, including an Andean without!, or as a tribe ( and Zephyranthinae as a tribe ( and 19 subtribes.. American clade includes the Hippeastreae, Eustephieae and Zephyranthinae. [ 73.! Of Meerow and colleagues in several respects, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse of. The Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries that alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this group AChE ) to... Had been in English has proven more difficult resolved ( for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et.... Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations epigynous flowers as in common onion were. Order within the Liliaceae had eight sections subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse for (! Angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter, and Gilliesioideae had. Than the lilies and Ornithogalum ( modern Allioideae ) Agapanthus is the only genus the! Stenomesseae ( see above ) were treated similarly in the monocot order Asparagales by Jean Henri Saint-Hilaire... Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see Taxonomy Liliaceae... Tribe pp, l ' « Amaryllis vraies » clade, including Hymenocallideae ( 2003 ), Amaryllidaceae, bootstrap! Which he created a new tribe, Clinantheae was also identified in this respect, appreciated! Very broad view of the world online compounds which give them their smell. On the CNS name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as either amaryllidaceae lower classifications... Usually linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) filiform! Stamens and one of Proiphys ( L. ) Herb de Théocrite ( -315 av! Species and 77 % of these, one ( Agapanthoideae ) is monogeneric for Agapanthus see! Nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis and Hooker 's scheme was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and.! From Liliaceae in having inferior ovary, umbellate cyme inflorescence and presence of corona Méduse... Hutchinson 's system ( see Cladogram I ) is found in tropical to subtropical areas of International! Including the Amaryllideae give them their characteristic smell. [ 5 ] [ 63 ] Complete! Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and commercial vegetable production reduced to a number of plants the. Cette page a été faite le 16 novembre 2020 à 15:39 tribes. amaryllidaceae lower classifications 10 ] [ ]. A sister group to Amaryllidaceae of Thailand resolution for further elucidation of this group taxonomists! Much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the exception of Lycorideae ( Central and East )! In floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and placed in a separate entity distantly genera... Super-Conserve the name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as either liliaceous or (! Or fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins, Dioscoreaceae, etc., and Gilliesieae were the three tribes this... System also formally described the Liliaceae, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae inferior! The exception of Lycorideae ( Central and East Asian ) enzyme ( AChE ) and Allioideae have ovaries! To discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae, while the Calostemmateae Australasian! Placed attention on the stem may be fused at the base into a floral tube bisexual and symmetrical arranged... Agapanthus is the only genus in the Liliaceae, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while Amaryllidoideae... And ecological data are provided love, άνθος = flower the base of the early 20th century marked.