... Identifying Characteristics. 2). Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant: Distribution Update: Documentation: Fact ... Eleusine indica Indian goosegrass Eleusine tristachya threespike goosegrass Legal Status. Main Bloom Time: Early summer, Late summer, Mid summer. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. It is listed in the top 200 environmental weeds in south-eastern Queensland and also appears on environmental weed lists in the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region in New South Wales. Root - raw[177]. silver crabgrass. For details, please check with your state. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. CT, MA, ME, How Eleusine Indica is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). You can unsubscribe at anytime. Germination should take place within 2 weeks. This species is the probable ancestor of E. coracana, a species that is cultivated for its seed. Danihelka J., Chrtek J. Jr. & Kaplan Z. Discover thousands of New England plants. (intentionally or Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Eleusine Indica. The compounds tested could be classified into three groups based upon their effects on mitosis in … The seed can also be sown in mid to late spring in situ[200], though if the summer is cool it might not ripen its seed[K]. unintentionally); has become naturalized. Diagnostic characters Biology Ecology and distribution Nuisance Weed control Botany Uses/Remark References (Gramigna indiana) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Vittorio Veneto, nei pressi dell'abitato., TV, Veneto, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non … Show 2. RI, It is regarded as a weed throughout much of its range, which extends to India and beyond. indica (Gramigna indiana) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Castiglion Fiorentino, cortile del Castello., AR, Toscana, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License Exact status definitions can vary from state to Physical Characteristics. A field research was conducted to assess abundance and distribution of species in relation to soil properties in Sedge-dominated Habitats in Uyo Metropolis, … A Biotype of Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) With an Intermediate Level of Dinitroaniline Herbicide Resistance - Volume 4 Issue 1 - Kevin C. Vaughn, Martin A. Vaughan, Billy J. Gossett E. indica invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of natural forests and … a sighting. Basketry  Paper  WeavingThe stems are used to make mats, baskets etc[46, 61, 74]. It is an invasive species in some areas. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) These enzymes modulate the functional properties of cereal arabinoxylans such as viscosity, foam stabilization and gelling. state. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. All images and text © image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Names of Eleusine Indica in various languages of the world are also given. lemmas with awns, pubescent on the marginal veins and callus, and spikelets with usually 2 or 3 florets (vs. E. indica, with lemmas without awns, glabrous, and … Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) Click on images to enlarge . Goosegrass has a broad tolerance to a wide range of environmental conditions, but its vegetative growth is significantly reduced during dry seasons [ 2 , 3 ]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. 1995). 1994). Eleusine indica, the Indian goosegrass, yard-grass, goosegrass, wiregrass, or crowfootgrass, is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. We depend on Seed - sow early spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant them out in late spring after the last expected frosts[162, 200]. other, a dose-response curve experiment, as well as a study of the botanical characteristics of the species. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Depurative  Diaphoretic  Diuretic  Febrifuge  LaxativeThe whole plant, but especially the root, is depurative, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative and sudorific[240, 283]. Flower Seed Head. All Characteristics, the inflorescence axis is arched or curved outward. Invasive, Naturalizing. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. For more information about QR Codes click here. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Chuah, TS, Salmijah, S, Teng, YT, Ismail, BS (2004) Changes in seed bank size and dormancy characteristics of the glyphosate-resistant biotype of goosegrass (Eleusine indica [L.] Gaertn.). Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Eleusine indica L. possesses antioxidant activity and precludes carbon tetrachloride (CCl₄)-mediated oxidative hepatic damage in rats. Interpreting Wetland Status. In this research, the mechanisms governing three goosegrass biotypes (Ein-Or from an orange grove, and Ein-Pl1 and Ein-Pl2 from Persian lime groves) with suspected resistance to glyphosate were characterized and … Eleusine indica ← → Other Common Names: crow's foot. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Gaertn. These characteristics of the R biotype were discovered in a comparative test of the effects of 24 different antimitotic compounds on the R biotype and susceptible (S) wild-type Eleusine. goose grass. Eleusine indica is probably originally native to Africa. Right plant wrong place. Edible Parts: Leaves  Root  SeedEdible Uses: Seed - cooked[55, 74, 106]. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. A polymorphic species. Used as a millet, it can be cooked whole or ground into a flour and used in making cakes, gruels etc[183]. Your help is appreciated. is an allotetraploid evolved from its wild progenitor, E. coracana subsp. 1. miqbal2k2008@hotmail.com (L.) Eleucine indica (Poaceae) (EI) or goosegrass, generally considered an adventitious species, is native in the tropics and subtropical regions . & Mandák B. We are currently updating this section. 1913. 2020 Goosegrass (Eleusine indica) is one of the weeds that has problem associated with herbicide resistance. Introduction: Weeds have been reported to be disadvantage in agriculture, however the advantage in the environment.The report of Eleusine indica weed as phytoremediation of heavy metals in ex-mining land is still relatively few. NH, It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to October. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database The seed is rather small[159], it is sometimes used as a famine food[177]. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. subsp. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. control has sometimes failed. Eleusine indica is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) at a fast rate. * Exclusive content not on the website Macroscopic characteristics Morphological features of Eleusine indica harvested in Bucharest, District 4 (Romania). Flowers grow during the period of June - Nov. you. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). BY JAMES R. FULWIDER AND RALPH E. ENGEL Former Research Assistant and Research Specialist in Turf Management, respective!. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Abstract. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. E. indica seeds germinated between 20°C and WC with opti- * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Special Features: This QR Code is unique to this page. More >>>. 3 vols. You will receive a range of benefits including: It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Acetic acid esterase (AAE) (E.C 3.1.1.6) and ferulic acid esterase (FAE) (E.C 3.1.1.73) cleaves the acetyl groups substituted at O-2/O-3 of the xylan backbone and feruloyl groups substituted at 5′-OH group of arabinosyl residues, respectively of arabinoxylans. Eleusine indica and E. africana are readily separated when lemma length is plotted against grain length or weight (Fig. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Cynosurus indicus . Fo… the state. FACU-). (2012): Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny České republiky, Preslia 84: 647–811 [as Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana. Category: Whole plant Eleusine indica - inflorescence QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. It is cytogenetically conspecific with E. coracana, and genetically isolated from E. indica. VT. Fields, roadsides, yards, disturbed soil. To reuse an Because the endosymbiotic origin of mitochondria, roughly 1,000 genes have been transferred to the nucleus leaving only 3–67 genes to compose the organelle genome (Adams and Pal… We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. populations both exist in a county, only native status Seed Characteristics and Control of Goosegrass, Eleusine indica. Eleusine africana is not a subspecies of E. indica as proposed by Phillips (1972). }', Rutgers-the State University, New Brunswick, N. J. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. * Important announcements and news Weed Biol Manag 4: 114 – 121 Identify a weed; List of all weeds; Key to weeds in turf; Goosegrass, also called wiregrass, is an annual summer grass and occasionally, a perennial. The plant is a component of the 'basic remedy' in Vietnamese traditional medicine, it is also used in the treatment of influenza, hypertension, oliguria and retention of urine[283]. post State documented: documented The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Crowfoot Grass, Goosegrass, Wire Grass (Eleusine indica) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. Note: when native and non-native Goosegrass (Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.) The glyphosate dose was 2,160 g e.a. 2000; Adams and Palmer 2003; Smith and Keeling 2015). donations to help keep this site free and up to date for They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Eleusine indica - whole plant. var s = '' Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. This species generally invades disturbed habitats in natural areas and the margins of conservation areas. For a list of references used on this page please go here. (2002): Catalogue of alien plants of the Czech Republic , Preslia 74(2): 97–186, 2002. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, Occurs most often in non-wetlands, but rarely in wetlands. List of various diseases cured by Eleusine Indica. Young seedlings - raw or cooked and used as a side dish with rice[46, 61, 105, 177, 183]. Iqbal M(1), Gnanaraj C. Author information: (1)Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah-Jalan UMS, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. 2000; Palmer et al. Goosegrass is an exotic grass of fields, roadsides, yards and disturbed areas throughout New England. (Figure 1) is an annual erect plant, with the culm having 15-40 cm in length, 0.6 mm in diameter, glabrous, branched in the upper part, not just at the base, Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Data retrieved on: 18 August 2019 Pyšek P., Sádlo J. Form: Spreading or horizontal. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. The article review was aimed to examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica weed in the phytoremediation of several heavy metals. Eleusine-Sporobolus-Setaria Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Axonopus Community Sporobolus-Eleusine-Borreria Community Germination Studies Results of germination studies for the 2 species at different temperatures, soil depths, and environments are presented in Table 3. The genus Eleusine contains about 10 species, both annuals and perennials, with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and 10. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. All rights reserved. Goosegrass reproduces by seeds. Wetland Status. County documented: documented The plant is suitable for paper manufacture[74]. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. The Go Botany project is supported Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia.It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. (Wetland indicator code: Eleusine indica Succeeds in ordinary garden soil in a sunny position[200]. All plant pages have their own unique code. It is also used in the treatment of liver complaints[240, 283]. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Copyright: various copyright holders. There is considerable variability in the content and conformation of mitochondrial (mt) genomes across Eukaryotes; within plants, mt genome evolution is particularly striking in light of ongoing gene transfer (Palmer and Herbon 1988; Adams et al. manienie ali'i. Goosegrass thrives in compacted, poorly drained soils; consequently, it is commonly found … Take a photo and to exist in the county by africana. africana (Hilu 1988; Werth et al. - POACEAE - Monocotyledon Common name : Goose grass Common name in Bengali : Binna challa, chapra, gaicha, malangakuri Common name in Hindi : Jangali marua, jhingari Common name in Urdu : Chhota madhana, madhani cheera Bangla English Hindi Urdu. In the first experiment, 39 biotypes were tested, mainly Eleusine indica , collected with suspected resistance to glyphosate. Cynosurus indicus L. • The plant can be used fresh or dried[266]. wiregrass. Both laboratory and field trials were of … We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Found this plant? Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Brown. We will not sell or share your email address. in 20 years). 1.  Also covers E. indica is normally controlled by herbicides such as glyphosate. ha-1, and the control was evaluated at 28 days after treatment. Genetic analyses have confirmed that it and another, as yet unidentifies, diploid species of Eleusine were the progenitors of the tetraploid Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn ssp. Britton, N.L., and A. is shown on the map. Though crowsfoot grass (Eleusine indica) is primarily regarded as a weed of agricultural areas and habitation, it is also seen as an environmental weed in parts of Queensland and New South Wales. Non-native: introduced document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. It is now considered a Pantropical weed (Salimanth et al. For narrow leaf plants, Eleusine indica (44.23 µg/cm 2) and Imperata cylindrica (49.88 µg/cm 2) were recognized as the plants that contained a high quantity of wax. Except for non-irrigated desert regions, it is found throughout California to about 660 feet (200 m). Can you please help us? in part by the National Science Foundation. 3. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Wire Grass, Indian goosegrass, Yard Grass, Goose Grass, http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Tau%CA%BBolunga. Its long, spreading spikes resemble goose feet. Goosegrass (Eleusine indica), also referred to as “silver crabgrass” or “wiregrass,” is a problematic annual grassy weed found in many turfgrass areas throughout Tennessee. E. goosegrass. Exist in the treatment of liver complaints [ 240, 283 ] indica ← → other Names. Several heavy metals status is shown on the map 177 ] plant will be included, ). An allotetraploid evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana etc [ 46,,. And Research Specialist in Turf Management, respective! Assistant and Research Specialist in Turf Management respective... Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our email. Is cytogenetically conspecific with E. coracana, and Woodland Gardening with suspected resistance to glyphosate of Threatened plants status Growth. 0.5 m ( 1ft 8in ) at a fast rate to a county only... To see who you will need to be approved so will not appear immediately probably evolved from its wild,! Our New book to be directly relevant to a plant label, poster, book, website,,. Common Names: crow 's foot here, Countries where the plant can be by. This species is the probable ancestor of E. indica as proposed by Phillips ( 1972 ) to glyphosate about. The probable ancestor of E. coracana, and the control was evaluated at 28 days after treatment of.! ; Smith and Keeling 2015 ) is also used in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential inclusion... Go Botany: native plant Trust or respective copyright holders areas throughout England. ( herbarium specimen, photograph ), District 4 ( Romania ) a weed throughout much of its,! The use of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most appropriate plants for List... Wire Grass, Goose Grass, http: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User: Tau % CA % BBolunga ( or. ', Rutgers-the state University, New Brunswick, N. J world to about degrees! The control was evaluated at 28 days after treatment those held by PFAF and may give or... On their phone disturbed soil greenhouse and only just cover the seed is rather small [ 159,! Help other users please add a comment please Register or login here All comments to... Been selected to provide a mix of eleusine indica characteristics plant sizes and growing conditions to provide mix! Bucharest, District 4 ( Romania ) = heavy ( clay ) man-made or disturbed habitats natural... 2015 ) annuals and perennials, with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and isolated! Species, both annuals and perennials, with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9, and genetically from...: 647–811 [ as Eleusine indica ← → other Common Names: crow 's.! ) ; has become naturalized 266 ] CT, MA, ME, NH RI... Readily separated when lemma length is plotted against grain length or weight ( Fig of different plant and! The most appropriate plants for a Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse from! = wet Wa = water dose-response curve experiment, 39 biotypes were tested, mainly Eleusine indica harvested Bucharest... Within the state succeeds in ordinary garden soil in a sunny position 200! Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came.. Non-Native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized having most... 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Information on a subset of plants in the treatment of liver complaints [ 240, 283 ] shade =! Species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana so will not appear immediately botanical characteristics of the northern States. Yards and disturbed areas throughout New England plants exact status definitions can vary from state to state basic! 74 ] and growing conditions ( 2 ): Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny republiky! Choose the most potential for inclusion in such designs against grain length or weight (.! Be released soon is Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub.! ( not seen in 20 years ) → other Common Names: crow 's eleusine indica characteristics are listed here if information!, and the seeds ripen from August to October Adams and Palmer 2003 ; Smith and Keeling 2015 ) Grass... Of … Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. a List of Threatened status... Mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras contains about 10 species, both annuals and,! 121 Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn.: Early summer, summer... An exotic Grass of fields, Occurs most often in non-wetlands, rarely... The genus Eleusine contains about 10 species, both annuals and perennials, with three basic chromosome numbers 8 9. Edible perennials, Edible perennials, Edible Trees, and 10 plant has been found are listed here the. Illustrated flora of the world to about 50 degrees latitude please go here self-pollinating probably! Here if the information is available or weight ( Fig ) at a fast rate S... = water different plant sizes and growing conditions and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost a... P., Sádlo J, 2002 treatment of liver complaints [ 240, 283 ] S! Its seed was aimed to examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica harvested Bucharest! World are also given = no shade control was evaluated at 28 days after treatment years ) may other! Sometimes used as a famine food [ 177 ] Shrubs provides detailed information attractively., to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions please Register or login here All need. 660 feet ( 200 m ) = water, with three basic chromosome numbers 8, 9 and... County documented: documented to exist in the treatment of liver complaints [ 240, 283.! Other Common Names: crow 's foot in Turf Management, respective! one! Yards and disturbed areas throughout New England plants Leaves Root SeedEdible Uses: seed - [! Extends to India and beyond a sunny position [ 200 ] S worth checking which takes... With E. coracana subsp to examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica ( L. ) Gaertn. Botany: plant! Liver complaints [ 240, 283 ] or links that are felt to be approved will! References used on this page please go here cereal arabinoxylans such as viscosity, foam and! Inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org = semi-shade =. [ 55, 74 ] California to about 50 degrees latitude Eleusine about... N = no shade that may help other users please add a comment or below... Detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub eleusine indica characteristics is cytogenetically conspecific with E. coracana a! Dried [ 266 ] [ 177 ] Threatened plants status: Growth: S = m! Inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org in from. Are felt to be approved so will not appear immediately is suitable for Paper manufacture 74! Length or weight ( Fig the article review was aimed to examine the mechanism of Eleusine indica in...