[27] BAC claimed that the British government evaluation into the Mirage IV* was "relatively superficial". ", Mirage IV information and photos by Yves Fauconnier, Mirage IV data from former Forces Aériennes Stratégiques website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dassault_Mirage_IV&oldid=980652259, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with unsourced statements from June 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Aircraft specs templates using afterburner without dry parameter, Military articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 16× 454 kg (1,000 lb) free-fall conventional bombs. [46], Both flight and grounds crews received training principally by Strategic Air Forces Command 328, stationed at Bordeaux. However, the wing is significantly thinner to allow better high-speed performance and has a thickness/chord ratio of only 3.8% at the root and 3.2% at the tip; this wing was the thinnest built in Europe at that time and one of the thinnest in the world.While being significantly smaller than an expensive medium bomber proposal for the role, the Mirage IV was r… The first long distance mission, with two refuellings and more than 7 hours of flight. Finally, a flight expected to be peaceful but ending up with being tossed about by the swell of the Mediterranean in a dinghy, off the base of Solenzara, Corsica. [35], The two-man crew, pilot and navigator, were seated in tandem cockpits, each housed under separate clamshell canopies. Carrier of the French atomic bomb, symbol of the greatness and independence of France, what else can be said?All surrounded by a jealously guarded secrecy. [31] Fuel was contained within integral tanks within the wings, as well as a double-skinned section of the fuselage between and outboard of the inlet ducts, underneath the ducts and engines, and forward of the main spar of the tail fin; this provided a total internal capacity of 6,400 kilograms (14,000 lb). Weighing in at 33 and a half tons, capable of rocket-assisted take-offs, with a top speed of Mach 2.2 — and the ability to deliver a nuclear holocaust — few aircraft were as exciting as the Mirage IV … Did Mirage IV crews have to accept much more severe security restrictions than other military aircrew because of its key strategic role, and if so what impact did that have on their everyday life? [39], In February 1964 deliveries of the Mirage IV to the French Air Force started, with the first French Mirage IV squadron being declared operational on 1 October that year. Would have been something to see one fly. The Mirage IV 01 prototype underwent minor modifications during testing in the autumn of 1959, most noticeably, the tail was enlarged (slight reduction in height, large increase in chord). [12][34], From 1972 onward, 12 aircraft were also equipped to carry the CT52 reconnaissance pod in the bomb recess. The Mirage IV is a heavy bomber with delta wing conceived for strategic air force. The Dassault Mirage IV was a strategic bomber developed from experience obtained from the Mirage III fighter. Bombers of the West. Sud Aviation and Nord Aviation both submitted competing proposals, both based on existing aircraft; Sud Aviation proposed the Super Vautour, a stretched Sud Aviation Vautour with 47 kilonewtons (10,500 lbf) thrust SNECMA Atar engines and a combat radius of 2,700 kilometres (1,700 mi) at Mach 0.9. [24][25], The Mirage IV* met nearly every RAF requirement except for field length, and some claim it exceeded the F-111 slightly in speed and had at least equal range. [17] By 1964, Mirage IVAs were conducting training penetration runs at an altitude of 200 ft, without the assistance of terrain-following radar, which subjected pilots to considerable workload and those on board to high levels of turbulence. [2], The 01 was an experimental prototype built to explore and solve the problems stemming from prolonged supersonic flight. Feb 1, 2017 - Images and profiles of the Dassault Mirage IV. The CT52 had no digital systems, relying on older wet-film cameras. Although Dassault had designed the Mirage IV for the low-level flight role right from the start,[16] the final batch of 12 aircraft ordered in November 1964 differed from the earlier aircraft in several areas, including the flight controls, avionics, and structural details, for the purpose of providing improved low-level performance. The long term replacement for the Mirage IVP was Mirage 2000N aircraft outfitted with a modern PRNG Pod de Reconnaissance Nouvelle Génération (New Generation Reconnaissance Pod), equipped with digital camera equipment. The Mirage IV's wing had the 60 degree sweep of the Mirage III, but featured a thinner chord of 3.8% at the root. Combining hideous lethality with graceful lines, this Cold War warrior served France from 1964-2005. By 1963, the majority of missions involving the Mirage IV were being planned as low-level flights. How effective was its armament? Compared to the Mirage III, the flight qualities remained fairly similar, but due to its mass we felt a certain inertia in reactions to changes in engine speed, only at high aircraft weight. No cannon armament was ever fitted aboard the type. When the rockets went out, there was an unpleasant sinking feeling due to the sharp decrease in thrust, but the speed and rate of climb indicators immediately reassured, the aircraft accelerating and climbing.Later, the JATOs were used for demonstrations with light aircraft and without external loads. The Mirage IVA was an all-metal aircraft made mostly of aircraft aluminum alloys. In response, Dassault and British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) proposed a modified Mirage IV variant as a replacement in July 1965. More!”. In terms of pure piloting, in the classic phases: take off, final approach and landing, ascent and descent, navigating at high and low altitude, this plane was particularly pleasant. Wagner, Paul J. Would it have survived – and if so, how? The early Mirage IVA had a fuselage recess under the engines which could hold a single AN-11 or AN-22 nuclear weapon of 60 kt yield. This, BAC argued, could provide a highly efficient TSR.2 replacement aircraft, fully capable of performing the TSR.2 tasks, at a total cost, for seventy-five aircraft … [12], For production, various portions of the aircraft were subcontracted to Sud Aviation (wings and rear fuselage) and Breguet Aviation (tailfin), which was still a separate company from Dassault until 1967; Dassault manufactured the front fuselage and flight-control system internally. The wing pylons could also carry a heavy load of conventional bombs, but this armament was seldom used. More about the Dassault Mirage IV jet. [14], On 7 December 1963, the first production Mirage IVA performed its maiden flight. In May 1956, the Guy Mollet government drew up a specification for an aerially-refuelable supersonic bomber capable of carrying a 3-metric-ton, 5.2-metre-long nuclear bomb 2,000 km (without aerial refuelling). [6][9] Flight 138, on 23 September, corroborated the initial performance and pushed the record on a 500 km closed circuit to an average of 1,972 km/h (1,225 mph), flying between Mach 2.08 and Mach 2.14. [2] According to aviation authors Bill Gunston and Peter Gilchrist, the specification's inclusion of supersonic speed was "surprising" to many at the time. [22] Although designed by Dassault, the production was to be carried out jointly between Dassault and its subcontractors (wing, mid-fuselage, and tail) and BAC (front and rear fuselage). [citation needed], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, "We don't have fighter aircraft, we have fear-inducing aircraft", Dassault Mirage IV, le temps de la reconnaissance stratégique (partie 5/5), "La dissuasion nucléaire française en posture méditerranéenne", "French air force phases out its Mirage IVP nuclear bombers. The Mirage IV is powered by two SNECMA Atar turbojets, fed by two air intakes on either side of the fuselage that had intake half-cone shock diffusers, known as souris ("mice"), which were moved … However, the wing is significantly thinner to allow better high-speed performance and has a thickness/chord ratio of only 3.8% at the root and 3.2% at the tip; this wing was the thinnest built in Europe at that time and one of the thinnest in the world. [5] It was considerably more advanced than the Mirage III, incorporating new features such as machined and chem-milled planks, tapered sheets, a small amount of titanium, and integral fuel tanks in many locations including the leading portion of the tailfin. [3] The Mirage IV also carried three times more internal fuel than the Mirage III. It was a French jet supersonic strategic bomber and deep-reconnaissance aircraft. At this point they were each armed with a single 60 kiloton nuclear bomb. One of my favorite Cold War jets. It also had an autopilot, much appreciated on long flights. If the temperature on the runway was high and the atmospheric pressure low, assisted take-off showed all its value. Flying low, the maximum attack speed was reduced to 1,100 km/h (680 mph) and the combat radius was also decreased. here to keep this site going. [27] RAF pilots who test-flew the Mirage IV were "favourably impressed" with its low altitude performance. You can really help. [48] The inability for the Mirage IV to return after missions had been a point of controversy during the aircraft's early development. S u m m a r y: Catalogue Number and Description: Pavla C72061 MIG-25P replacement for the Condor kit Pavla C72059 Mirage IV for the … [3], The final specifications, jointly defined by government authorities and Dassault staff, were approved on 20 March 1957. I hope my answers will give you an insider’s insight into the secretive world of “Chasse B …” and thanks for your interest.”. "Air Force Tac Recce Aircraft: NATO and Non-aligned Western European Air Force Tactical Reconnaissance Aircraft of the Cold War (1949–1989). [53][54] The conversion of Mirage IVAs to IVPs involved a large number of modifications and re-workings of the aircraft. [11] The Mirage IVB proposal had been instigated as a response to interest by de Gaulle in ensuring that two-way (including the aircraft's return to France) strike missions could be flown. In a recent message on the Alphasim forum he included images showing the three different variants: A Mirage IVA armed with the AN-22 Free-Fall nuclear weapon, a Mirage IVP armed with the ASMP stand-off nuclear missile and drop tanks, and the Mirage … Original aircraft model, … The crew of two sat in tandem in the long and narrow fuselage. [31] Other avionics elements were provided by Dassault itself and SFENA; one of the only major subsystems not of French origin onboard was the Marconi-built AD.2300 doppler radar. Several Nord Noratlas were specially modified, having received the Mirage IV's radar, control consoles, and additional electrical generators, for the purpose of training navigators; these were later replaced by a pair of customised Dassault Falcon 20 outfitted with much of the Mirage IVP's avionics. At Luxeuil Air Base, located at almost 1,000 feet above sea level, and in summer, the aircraft was at the limit of the performance curves at lift-off. Gunston, Bill. The Mirage IV can carry 12 solid-fuel rockets diagonally down below the wing flaps, for rocket-assisted take off (RATO). The archetype of the Mirage IV performed its first theft on June 17th, 1959, as for the first aircraft … [8] However, development of the aircraft was ultimately cancelled in July 1959 due to the greater cost involved, a decision having been taken to rely upon aerial refueling instead also being a factor. We were on permanent alert and ready for immediate engagement.”. After the acceptance of the Mirage IV 01 prototype, Dassault presented three proposals for the future supersonic bomber, designated as Mirage IV-A, IV-B and IV-C, with different dimensions and powerplants.Proposals B and C were rejected because they were too expensive, so the IV … Sadly the only one I have ever seen is in the museum at Le Bourget. [47] By the 1970s, it had become clear that vulnerability of the Mirage IV to air defences, even while flying at low altitudes, had made the delivery of gravity bombs such as the AN-11 or AN-22 impractical. [13] The improvements featured upon the last 12 Mirage IVs were later retroactively applied to the whole fleet.[16]. [2] Dassault's proposal for what became the Mirage IV was chosen on the basis of lower cost and anticipated simpler development, being based upon a proposed early 1956 twin-engined night-fighter derived from the Dassault Mirage III fighter and the unbuilt Mirage II interceptor. High alpha performance. Even the cost of a pint a month can do wonders! “We were in the middle of the Cold War, our mission was deterrence. Overview. What is the biggest myth about the Mirage IV? [52] In 1975, all Mirage IVs were progressively painted in a new green/grey camouflage scheme. The idea was to get the government to take jointly made Mirage IV airframes fitted with Spey engines instead of buying the F-111. During the 1970s, the Mirage IV fleet was modified with two hardpoints on each wing to carry external fuel tanks and electronic countermeasures or chaff/flare pods for self defense. This contributed to the pride of all the members of the FAS who participated in the adventure.”. [56] Aviation authors Bill Gunston and Peter Gilchrist allege that French officials had historically discounted the option of recovering Mirage IVs in friendly territory as unduly optimistic, as those nations might become unfriendly or hostile in the aftermath of a French nuclear attack.[3]. In the late 1960s, when the threat of surface-to-air missile defences made high-altitude flight too hazardous, the Mirage IVA was modified for low-altitude penetration. [38][55], In August 1985, a French proposal that would have seen Mirage IVPs stationed at air bases inside neighbouring West Germany was made public; this deployment would have marked a significant philosophical departure from traditional French nuclear defence policy. While being significantly smaller than an expensive medium bomber proposal for the role, the Mirage IV was r… ( Log Out /  (YAM) In conclusion and drawing together all the technology, politics and national pride the Mirage … It can reach high supersonic speeds: the aircraft is redlined at Mach 2.2 at altitude because of airframe temperature restrictions, although it is capable of higher speeds. In total, there are 17 models and 92 repaints in this package. The retirement of all reconnaissance-configured Mirage IVPs in 2005 meant that the French Air Force's Mirage F1CRs were for some time the only aircraft capable of carrying out aerial reconnaissance missions. The culmination of several weeks of hard work and time at the bench (not to mention lots of writing & updates in between) Gary has finished Kittyhawk's 1/32nd scale Mirage … During a low altitude bombing training mission on a seaside range, an engine failure on departure from Solenzara forced me to give the order to abandon the plane while we were at very low altitude over the sea and flying at 600 knots. Resin Cockpit Sets Mirage IV, Mig-21, Fiat G.91. [46], The primary objectives of the Mirage IVA force were major Soviet cities and bases. The difficulty is to remain sufficiently lucid to attempt to remedy the fault whilst at the same time piloting the aircraft and remaining alert so as not to exceed any limits and put the crew in danger. You can really help. That said, outside the strict framework of its mission, and outside the limits set by the operating instructions, it gave the feeling of having amazing possibilities considering its weight. The CT52 was available in either BA (Basse Altitude, low-level) or HA (Haute Altitude, high-altitude) versions with three or four long-range cameras; a third configuration used an infrared line scanner. [23] While the IV* was claimed to meet most of the Royal Air Force (RAF)'s requirements, and to be £1 million cheaper than the American-made F-111K was preferred (only to be cancelled in turn) and the Spey-engined Mirage abandoned. [26] The estimated cost was 2.321 million pounds per aircraft (for 50) or 2.067 million (for 110), less than the price of the F-111K. [12] The Mirage IV* was to carry a bombload of up to 9,100 kilograms (20,000 lb). Building Heller's 1/48 Mirage IVP By Jeff Smith. These wings were each divided into three bomber squadrons, each equipped with a total of four Mirage IVs, with each deployed at a different base to minimise the potential for an enemy strike to knock out the entire bomber force. “The finesse of its airframe, which allowed for amazing performance, and its aesthetics (as with most planes coming from Dassault, it must be said).It was perfectly suited to the missions for which it was designed: high altitude and high Mach speeds, and later very low altitude, high speed as well as being able to navigate anywhere on the planet completely autonomously. [27] However, some British government officials, including Parliament members Julian Risdale and Roy Jenkins, questioned the Mirage IV*'s capacity to operate from unprepared airstrips or to operate at low level, or claimed that the F-111 was a superior aircraft "in a class of its own". The landing was smooth thanks to the down-wash effect generated by its large airfoil. The first flight, as with any single-seater (even if there was in this case an “active passenger”), remains memorable, because it is the discovery that you are in a machine where no one other than yourself can be of any concrete help. [17] This version would have been very costly, and ultimately was not ordered. [19][20], In April 1965, the British Government cancelled the TSR-2 reconnaissance-strike aircraft. The Dassault Mirage IV-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft. It has two SNECMA Atar turbojets in the rear … [34] In the event of nuclear war between the major powers, it was thought that there would be little point in having the fuel to return as the host air bases would have been destroyed; instead, surviving Mirage IVs would have diverted to land at bases in nearby neutral countries following the delivery of their ordnance. The Mirage IV was of a basic delta-wing design with a single rudder at rear. How combat effective was it? First flying in October 1964, the Mirage IV … [29] A bombing/navigation radar is housed within an oblique-facing radome underneath the fuselage between the intakes and aft of the cockpit; much of the Mirage IV's onboard avionics systems, such as the radar communications, navigational instrumentation, and bombing equipment, were produced by Thomson-CSF. [49], Initially, the basic attack flight profile was "high-high-high" at a speed of Mach 1.85, engaging targets up to a maximum radius of 3,500 km (2,175 mi). Only takeoff and heavy final approaches involved this configuration. [18] The IVA was one of five aircraft types that were short listed for the role, but the F-111C was eventually selected. [59], The Mirage IV had been popular with its crews, who found it enjoyable to fly. However, the wing is significantly thinner to allow better high-speed performance and has a thickness/chord ratio of only 3.8% at the root and 3.2% at the tip; this wing was the thinnest built in Europe at that time and one of the thinnest in the world. [53] Various test launches of dummy and later live ASMPs were performed using the Mirage IV as the launch platform between 1981 and 1983. In 1963, the Australian government sought a replacement for the Royal Australian Air Force fleet of English Electric Canberra bombers, largely in response to the Indonesian Air Force's purchase of missile-armed Tupolev Tu-16 bombers. ( Log Out /  For many years it was a vital part of the nuclear triad of the Force de Frappe, France's nuclear deterrent striking force. His role within the air force was to assure nuclear dissuasion. Change ). Its engines featured moveable inlet half-cones ("souris / mice") to adjust for different airflow conditions, as well as spring … Mirage IV 01 was now considered as a small scale prototype for the development of the navigation and bombardment system. The Mirage IV … The Hush-Kit Book of Warplanes will feature the finest cuts from Hush-Kit along with exclusive new articles, explosive photography and gorgeous bespoke illustrations. The IVA I knew had only analogue equipment, needle dials.One regret, especially for a pilot used to the Mirage IIIE: the means of monitoring and controlling navigation were limited. [citation needed] On 19 September 1960, René Bigand (replacing Glavany as test pilot) increased the world record for speed on a 1000-kilometre closed circuit to 1,822 km/h (1,132 mph) around Paris and the Melun base. "Pénétration Augumentation". We spoke to former Mirage IV pilot Jean Copponnex to find out more. This task having been delegated to the navigator, the pilot only had the TACAN and the relayed instructions from behind, no visual instruments, only a device controlled by the SNB (Navigation and Bombing System) projected the flight plan onto the globe indicator for the release of the load. In late 1958, the aircraft was transferred to the Melun-Villaroche flight testing area for finishing touches and ground tests. The aircraft's aerodynamic features were very similar to the III's but required an entirely new structure and layout. (Mirage IV-A image). Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. The weapon-related issues were the other. It had been planned for this batch to be powered by the newer Pratt & Whitney/SNECMA TF106 turbofan engine. Out of respect for the relative fragility of the SNB electromechanical equipment, a certain restraint was required for formations, although the plane itself would have happily managed!It was a huge difference compared to my previous planes (Mystère IVA, F-84F, Mirage IIIE) was its flight range and in-flight refuelling, which were unique in France at that time.”. The first real refuelling, where we enter another dimension. In addition, it required surprisingly little maintenance considering its age and complexity. [47], To improve survivability, the French Air Force began dispersing Mirage IVs to pre-prepared rough strips during the 1960s; while the use of hardened bunkers had been assessed, it was found to be financially impractical. During the 1960s, there were plans of export sales for the Mirage IV; in one proposal, Dassault would have entered a partnership with the British Aircraft Corporation to jointly produce a Mirage IV variant for the Royal Air Force and potentially for other export customers, but this project did not come to fruition. This mission appeared legitimate to all members of the FAS (Strategic Air Forces) and each one, without wishing it of course, was ready to carry it out if necessary. Australian Air Marshall Frederick Scherger seriously considered purchase of the IVA in 1961 because it was considered to be proven hardware already in service (in contrast to the BAC TSR-2 which was still in development), before settling on the General Dynamics F-111C. [3], In order to refuel the Mirage IVA fleet, France purchased 14 (12 plus 2 spares) U.S. Boeing C-135F tankers. Hi guys, this is my Mirage IV A, from Heller. “The largest armed warplane in the French air force plane could not be more impressive! How does it compare with other fast jets you have flown? What did you feel about the prospect of facing enemy SAMs and interceptors in the Mirage? For this i'used the Upnorth scribing set, which is … [1] Thus, the development of a supersonic bomber designed to carry out the delivery mission started in 1956 as a part of the wider development of France's independent nuclear deterrent. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. [27] Some aviation journalists claim that the rejection of the Mirage IV* may have dampened French interest in joint Anglo-French cooperation. The Dassault Mirage 5 is a supersonic attack aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1960s and manufactured in France and a number of other countries. Wings were of the low-mounted monoplane type … ES 1/91 Gascogne's surviving Mirage IVPs were retired in 2005 and are conserved and stored at the Centre d'Instruction Forces Aériennes Stratégiques (CIFAS) at Bordeaux Mérignac. This prototype was 20 metres (67 ft) long, had a 11 metres (37 ft) wingspan, 62 square metres (670 sq ft) of wing area, and weighed approximately 25,000 kilograms (55,000 lb). [7] While being significantly smaller than an expensive medium bomber proposal for the role, the Mirage IV was roughly three times the weight of the preceding Mirage III. The importance of the FAS mission prevailed over all other considerations. Lacking any operational objective in these cases, they were nevertheless very spectacular crowd-pleasers.”, “Having never, during the Cold War, carried out a real operational mission, none of the training missions deserve any special classification. [13] A refueling probe is built into the nose; aerial refuelling was often necessary in operations as the Mirage IV only had the fuel capacity, even with external drop tanks, to reach the Soviet Union's borders, thus refuelling was required to allow for a 'round trip'. Expand your options of fun home activities with the largest online selection at eBay.com. In September 1959, the desire to avoid constructing a foreign aeroengine under license for the propulsion of the Strategic Nuclear Force led to the adoption of a smaller, less expensive aircraft, the Mirage IV … Fast & Free shipping on many items! It was not, strictly speaking, a fighter and its capabilities in close formation were not optimised. [44] From 1964 to 1971, the Mirage IV was France's sole means of delivering nuclear ordnance. [30], The Mirage IV shares design features and a visual resemblance to the Mirage III fighter, featuring a tailless delta wing and a single square-topped vertical fin. The first operational use of the system took place during missions in Chad in September 1974. These aircraft were designated Mirage IVR for reconnaissance. The fourth prototype Mirage IVA-04 was essentially representative of the production aircraft that would follow. Developed by Dassault Aviation, the aircraft entered service with the French Air Force in October 1964. Even with comparable flight performance, piloting a military aircraft has no other purpose than the completion of a specific mission, which the pilot can appreciate more or less, according to his preferences.”. [14], The Mirage IV has two pylons under each wing, with the inboard pylons being normally used for large drop tanks of 2,500-litre (660 gal (US)) capacity. Time flies very quickly during this kind of event, actions are performed almost as reflex gestures. [38], French President Charles de Gaulle, speaking of the Mirage IV in 1963. [36], During the 1980s, a total of 18 Mirage IVs were retrofitted with a centreline pylon and associated equipment to carry and launch the nuclear ASMP stand-off missile. How did you feel about the prospect of carrying out a nuclear attack? [3], Dassault's resulting prototype, dubbed Mirage IV 01, looked a lot like the Mirage IIIA, even though it had double the wing surface, two engines instead of one, and twice the unladen weight. [15] A series of 62 aircraft was built, and they entered service between 1964 and 1968. In the late 1970s, the leading role in the strategic forces of France finally passed to ballistic missiles of land and sea basing. “No fight experienced! The execution of the eject order by the navigator is crucial so that the pilot can eject under the right conditions.This is what happened, and recovery by helicopter is a great moment!”, Tell me about the rocket- assisted take off. ( Log Out /  The Mirage F1 was of similar size to the delta-winged Mirage III and Mirage 5, and was powered by the same SNECMA Atar engine as had been used on the larger Dassault Mirage IV; however, unlike its predecessors, it shared the layout of a swept wing mounted high on the fuselage and a conventional tail surface as used by the F2. [50][51], In 1973, it was reported that a force of 40 Mirage IVs would continue to perform as a part of France's nuclear deterrent until the 1980s, and that steady improvements were to be undertaken. President Charles de Gaulle, speaking of the force consisted of mirage iv cockpit active inventory of Mirage... D love to know what the French Air force plane could not be more impressive but so is biggest... Be sufficient protection, since there was no question of going beyond the defined framework addition it! Be powered by the newer Pratt & Whitney/SNECMA TF106 turbofan engine refueling, the real! 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